IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference (GHTC)
Technology for the Benefit of Humanity | Virtual – October 19-23, 2021

Plenary and Keynote Talks 2021

Widening Access to Applied Machine Learning with TinyML

Wednesday, October 20, 2021  |  9:00 AM — 9:40 AM (PT)
Tiny machine learning (TinyML) is a fast-growing field at the intersection of ML algorithms and low-cost embedded systems. TinyML enables on-device analysis of sensor data (vision, audio, IMU, etc.) at ultra-low-power consumption (<1mW). Processing data close to the sensor allows for an expansive new variety of always-on ML use-cases that preserve bandwidth, latency, and energy while improving responsiveness and maintaining privacy. This talk introduces the vision behind TinyML and showcases some of the novel humanitarian applications that TinyML is enabling in the field, from wildlife conservation to supporting public health initiatives. Yet, there are still numerous challenges to address. Tight memory and storage constraints, hardware/software heterogeneity, and a lack of relevant large-scale datasets still pose a substantial barrier to developing TinyML applications. To this end, the talk also touches upon some of the key challenges and opportunities for unlocking the full potential of TinyML for social good.

Vijay Janapa Reddi is an Associate Professor at Harvard University, VP and a founding member of MLCommons (mlcommons.org), a nonprofit organization aiming to accelerate machine learning innovation for everyone. He also serves on the MLCommons board of directors and is a Co-Chair of the MLCommons Research organization. Before joining Harvard, he was an Associate Professor at The University of Texas at Austin in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering. His research sits at the intersection of machine learning, computer architecture and runtime software. He specializes in building computing systems for tiny IoT devices, as well as mobile and edge computing. Dr. Janapa-Reddi is a recipient of multiple honors and awards, including the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) Gilbreth Lecturer Honor (2016), IEEE TCCA Young Computer Architect Award (2016), Intel Early Career Award (2013), Google Faculty Research Awards (2012, 2013, 2015, 2017, 2020), Best Papers at the 2020 Design Automation Conference (DAC), 2005 International Symposium on Microarchitecture (MICRO), 2009 International Symposium on High-Performance Computer Architecture (HPCA), IEEE’s Top Picks in Computer Architecture awards (2006, 2010, 2011, 2016, 2017,2021).


 

Expanding the Focus of Digital Innovation

Wednesday, October 20, 2021  |  9:45 AM — 10:30 AM (PT)
Access to information and communications technologies plays a pivotal role in the socio-economic development of any community.  Currently, there are more than 4 billion people with Internet access, representing about half of the world population.  Connectivity efforts typically focus on the remaining half of the population.  At the same time, discrepancies in access for the 4 billion who do use the Internet are daunting.  In this talk, we will examine digital inequality amongst those who do have Internet access, dissecting the Internet experience within the US and abroad in detail.  We will conclude with promising directions for addressing these gaps.
    Elizabeth M. Belding is a Professor in the Department of Computer Science at the University of California, Santa Barbara.  Prof. Belding’s research focuses on mobile and wireless networking, including network performance analysis, and information and communication technologies for development (ICTD).  Prof. Belding applies her wireless network expertise to a wide range of contexts, and is particularly interested in improving Internet and cellular accessibility in developing and resource-challenged communities worldwide.  Her ICTD projects have included work in Zambia, South Africa, Mongolia, and refugee camps.  Most recently, she has been working with Native American communities around the US. She is the founder and director of the Mobility Management and Networking (MOMENT) Laboratory.  Prof. Belding is the author of over 150 technical papers on wireless networking and has served on over 80 conference technical program committees.  She was Vice Chair of the UCSB Computer Science department 2009-15 and 2017-19.  She is currently an Associate Dean and Faculty Equity Advisor in the UCSB College of Engineering.  Prof. Belding is the recipient of an NSF CAREER Award, and a 2002 MIT Technology Review 100 award, awarded to the world’s top young investigators. She is an ACM Fellow, AAAS Fellow and IEEE Fellow.  She is particularly proud of receiving the UCSB Outstanding Graduate Mentor Award in 2012 and the NCWIT Harrold and Notkin Research and Graduate Mentoring Award in 2015 for her mentorship of graduate students.

IEEE MOVE Disaster Relief Program

Wednesday, October 20, 2021 | 2:00 PM — 2:30 PM (PT)
As climate change continues to have an impact throughout the world, the IEEE MOVE program continues to respond to supply power and communications at disaster events. The IEEE-USA MOVE program celebrates its 5th anniversary. MOVE continues to grow with great support from the members and the donation of a second satellite response vehicle. IEEE MOVE has also started an expansion into the international space with programs in India and the Caribbean. This talk will discuss why the program continues to grow worldwide.
Grayson Randall is an IEEE senior member and the IEEE MOVE Operations lead. Grayson is responsible for the IEEE MOVE truck and associated equipment that is deployed to disasters to support emergency communications. Grayson is also on the IEEE Future Directions Committee and is active in Region 3 activities. Grayson has a background in digital communications, robotics, public safety and emergency response.

Public Interest Tech: Educating Impact-focused Scholars and Practitioners

Thursday, October 21, 2021  |  9:00 AM — 9:40 AM (PT)
The profound societal and economic impacts of digital technology have engendered a growing interest in innovations that intentionally serve societal good. Public Interest Tech is an emerging scholarly and professional field that is defined by the deployment of technological expertise in service of public needs–from consumer rights, criminal justice, and trustworthy information ecosystems, to education, public health, and the environment. In this presentation we will describe our efforts to educate the next generation of impact-focused scholars and practitioners through novel Public Interest Tech (PiTech) interventions: PiTech Studio, Impact Fellowships, and Visiting Practitioners programming.   A strong diversity of perspectives and experiences is critically important to building effective PiTech, and we work to reflect this priority across our programs.
Deborah Estrin is a Professor of Computer Science at Cornell Tech where she holds The Robert V. Tishman Founder’s Chair, serves as the Associate Dean for Impact, and is an Affiliate Faculty at Weill Cornell Medicine. Estrin’s research activities include technologies for caregivingimmersive healthsmall dataparticipatory sensing, and Public Interest Technology.

Before joining Cornell University Estrin was the Founding Director of the NSF Center for Embedded Networked Sensing (CENS) at UCLA; pioneering the development of mobile and wireless systems to collect and analyze real-time data about the physical world. Estrin co-founded the non-profit startup, Open mHealth, and has served on several scientific advisory boards for early-stage mobile health startups. She is currently an Amazon Scholar (2019-present).

Estrin is an elected member of the National Academy of Engineering, National Academy of Medicine, and was chosen as a 2018 fellow of the MacArthur Foundation.


Making Sense of Sensing Applications for Agricultural Applications

Thursday, October 21, 2021  |  9:45 AM — 10:30 AM (PT)
This talk will first introduce MoleNet, which is a self-developed and maintained hardware platform for underground and other challenged environments, developed mostly for agricultural applications. We will explore together our experience with the system itself and with its deployments. The focus of the talk is however on what to do from this data: how to make the next step from sensing to making sense of the data. What are the users’ expectations? What are the challenges? What is needed to make such applications truly useful and help us reach the Sustainable Development Goals.

Anna Förster obtained her MSc degree in computer science and aerospace engineering from the Free University of Berlin, Germany, in 2004 and her PhD degree in self-organising sensor networks from the University of Lugano, Switzerland, in 2009. She also worked as a junior business consultant for McKinsey&Company, Berlin, between 2004 and 2005. From 2010 to 2014, she was a researcher and lecturer at SUPSI (the University of Applied Sciences of Southern Switzerland). Since 2015, she leads the Sustainable Communication Networks group at the University of Bremen.

Her main research interests lie in self-organising and autonomous sensor and opportunistic networks. She applies various artificial intelligence techniques, like machine learning and swarm intelligence, to various aspects of wireless communication protocols and applications. Furthermore, she is active in designing and developing simulation models and benchmarks for wireless networks. Her research group is especially focused on how to achieve better sustainability of communication networks on one side and how to boost everyday sustainability by innovative applications.


Hearing Aids and Internet-of-Things Ecosystem

Friday, October 22, 2021  |  9:00 AM — 9:40 AM (PT)
Over the last decade, researchers have successfully improved the performance of hearing aids by leveraging the increasing capabilities of hardware platforms, which enabled sophisticated signal processing algorithms. In contrast, I expect that further improvements will not be driven primarily by better hardware but rather by the integration of hearing aids into the Internet of Things (IoT) ecosystem. The IoT ecosystem is composed of resource-constrained devices such as phones, smart glasses, or Internet-enabled doorbells. As an example of this trend, I present two benefits of integrating smartphones and hearing aids. First, I will discuss how smartphones helped improve our understanding of the performance of hearing aids in the real world. Next, I will explain how smartphones can help better personalize hearing aids to meet a user’s individual hearing needs.  Finally, I will conclude with a vision of hearing aids in which they are tightly integrated into the IoT ecosystem.
Octav Chipara is an Associate Professor of Computer Science at the University of Iowa. His research is interdisciplinary, focusing on using systems and machine learning techniques to mobile health problems.  Over the last decade, he has used ecological momentary assessments delivered using mobile apps to better the interactions between hearing amplification techniques and the real-world environments in which they are used.  More recently, he has been investigating new methods of increasing access to hearing care personalizing over-the-counter hearing aids with the help of audiologists. Dr. Chipara received his B.S. from Indiana University Bloomington and his Ph.D. from Washington University in St. Louis. He is a recipient of an NSF Career Award in 2018. In addition, he received the best paper awards at IEEE/ACM Middleware 2015 and IEEE International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems (CBMS 2013). His interdisciplinary research on hearing aids was recognized with the Editor’s Award for the Best Published Article in Ear and Hearing in 2019.

Innovations and challenges in developing Medical Devices

Friday, October 22, 2021  |  9:45 AM — 10:30 AM (PT)
In this brief talk we explore the building blocks and applications of the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT). We talk about technical challenges of developing IoMT and its tremendous value for patient care. We also briefly examine the logistical hurdle in developing novel medical devices, including navigating FDA regulations. 

Dr. Farid Farahmand is currently the Chair of the Engineering Science Department (Electrical Engineering) at Sonoma State University in California, U.S.A. He is also the director of Advanced Internet Technology in the Interests of Society Laboratory. Since 2018 he has been a visiting faculty at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab). Prior to his academic position at Sonoma State, Dr. Farahmand worked as the research scientist at Alcatel-Lucent Corporate Research and was involved in development of terabit optical routers. Farid has received multiple Fulbright Fellowships, and he has been a Fulbright Scholar since 2014. Dr. Farahmand holds multiple international patents, numerous reference conference articles and journal publications, and several book chapters, on the subjects of wireless communications, optical networking, green networking, and delay tolerant networks.

His most recent patent aimed at treatment of respiratory conditions by patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in hospital settings. Farid has also authored many educational papers focusing on eLearning and Active Learning in classrooms.

Federal Policies, Programs and Funding Opportunities on Humanitarian Engineering

Friday, October 22, 2021  |  1:00 PM — 1:50 PM (PT)
The federal government organizes many programs, through the Department of State, USAID and other research agencies, that support humanitarian engineering projects.  This talk will provide an overview of these programs and funding opportunities and will offer a brief overview of how IEEE-USA is working with these agencies to ensure that the United States can address humanitarian needs in a manner that is sustainable and technology-based.  From ensuring the sustainability of our oceans to collaborating with developing nations on remote sensing and environmental monitoring, IEEE-USA members have been at the forefront of developing technological solutions to global challenges.  Ensuring refugees access to electric grids and that they have access to clean water are just some of the many issues that IEEE engineers address through humanitarian programs.  Lastly, this talk will provide a summary of how IEEE-USA can be helpful in working with the federal government, Congress and the administration to ensure robust support for the federal programs that support technical work in humanitarian fields.
  Aline McNaull works on energy, space, defense and research policy on behalf of IEEE-USA members and is the staff lead for IEEE-USA’s research and development policy committee, the committee on aerospace and transportation, as well as the energy policy committee.  She collaborates closely with the Coalition for National Security Research, Energy Sciences Coalition, Coalition for National Science Funding and the Task Force on American Innovation.  As an advocate for IEEE-USA members, she has influenced legislation on issues and programs at DOD, DOE, NASA, NIST, and NSF.  Previously, she was a semiconductor engineer at Raytheon and a patent examiner for the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.  She holds a BA in physics from Bryn Mawr College.